Testicular Cancer

What is Testicular Cancer?

Testicular cancer is most often found in men ages 15 to 44 years. It’s fairly rare and very treatable. With early diagnosis, testicular cancer can be cured. Men are encouraged to learn about early signs, learn how to do a testicular self-exam and talk with a health care provider if there is a suspicious lump, swelling, or pain in the testicle.


  • A painless lump in the testicle (the most common sign)
  • Swelling of the testicle (with or without pain) or a feeling of weight in the scrotum
  • Pain or a dull ache in the testicle, scrotum or groin


  • It may not be possible to avoid risk factors for testicular cancer. Men with the highest risk are:
    • Men with a father or brother who had testicular cancer
    • Men with a history of testes that don’t drop before birth (also known as undescended testes)
  • If you fall into any of these categories, do a testicular self-exam each month. The self-exam may help you catch problems early, when treatment is easier.


Testicular cancer may involve more than one cell-type. The best treatment will depend on the diagnosis and whether the disease has spread.